The Final Information To Shopping for Gems

Gems are stunning, trendy, and an effective way to specific your model. However how have you learnt which of them to purchase…and the place? Learn on to search out out the whole lot it’s good to know to make sure you select the right coloured gemstone for you.

a selection of different gemstones with a rainbow background

We perceive there’s a lot to contemplate when making such a major buy. After studying this weblog, you will not be a licensed gemstone skilled, however you may begin to really feel like one!

Gems Fundamentals

Let’s begin with the fundamentals. Many people learn about birthstones, totally different gemstones that correspond to the months of the 12 months. However what are these colourful creatures, and the way are they created? Are all gems created equal? Let’s dive in.

What are the Completely different Forms of Gems?

There are quite a few gems, the most well-liked being garnet, amethyst, aquamarine, diamonds, emeralds, pearls, rubies, peridot, sapphires, opals, citrine, and topaz. Every gemstone corresponds to a month of the 12 months, is related to a particular which means, and has its personal coloration (or colours…some gems are available in multiple hue).

Associated Weblog Submit: Birthstone Engagement Ring Concepts For Every Month

How are Gems Created?

You could have heard about earth created and lab created diamonds, nicely their fellow gems (sure, diamonds are a gemstone!) aren’t any totally different. Gems can each be discovered within the earth and created within the lab. Lab created gems, like earth created gems, are 100% actual. The one distinction is their place of birth and strategy of creation. The ultimate consequence continues to be an actual, vibrant, colourful gemstone.

What’s the Distinction Between Treasured vs. Semi-Treasured?

Gems fall into two main classes: valuable and semi-precious. Solely 4 gems are thought of valuable: diamonds, sapphires, rubies, and emeralds. All different gems are a part of the semi-precious class. The principle distinction is hardness. Whereas valuable gems are extremely wanted, they’re essentially extra helpful than their semi-precious counterparts. The worth is determined by issues like rarity, dimension, and high quality.

an infographic table showing the different between precious and semi-precious gemstones

What Ought to I Contemplate When Shopping for Gems?

There’s a lot to know when shopping for gems, we advocate conserving the next issues in thoughts:

  • Kind: Completely different gems have totally different traits. From colours to shapes to availability, understanding which gemstone you might be looking for is essential.
  • High quality: The standard of a gemstone will have an effect on its coloration and value, amongst different issues. Try the part on the 4Cs under!
  • Origin: Gems can come from the earth or the lab. Whereas each are 100% gems, the origin can have an effect on the brightness of the hue and the value. Some could have a private desire for the origin as nicely.
  • Remedy: Many gems obtain numerous therapies to make sure they’re the very best model of themselves. Some therapies can have an effect on the worth. See extra under!
  • Certification: Certifications comprise essential details about a gemstone’s origin, high quality, and traits. Consultants advocate buying a gemstone licensed by a good physique such because the Gemological Institute of America (GIA). Enjoyable truth, all gems at James Allen are licensed by both the GIA or the American Gem Society (AGS).
  • Upkeep: Completely different gems require totally different upkeep. From cleansing to circumstances when it’s really useful to take away them, you will need to maintain this essential consider thoughts.

The 4 Cs Apply To Gems Too

Whereas some could also be conversant in the 4C’s as they apply to diamonds particularly, they really apply to all gems, and you will need to maintain them in thoughts when looking for them.


The colour of a gemstone has three important components: hue, tone, and saturation. The hue of a gemstone is what most individuals image whenever you speak about coloration. Continuously, the colour of a gemstone is combined, consisting of a important coloration and a second coloration combined in. Saturation refers to how pure or intense the principle coloration is.

The purer a gemstone’s hue or coloration, which means the smaller the tints of different combined in colours, the extra helpful the gemstone. Moreover, the brighter and extra dynamic the colour, the higher. Many consumers desire gems whose coloration is extra gentle than darkish.


With regards to gems, readability considerations the quantity of inclusions or blemishes within the gemstone. This is a vital consideration because it impacts the worth and look of the gemstone. Gemstone readability is rated from “included” to “flawless.” The extra flawless, the upper the worth.

an infographic showing the clarity scale for gemstones


A gemstone’s minimize is how it’s formed and polished. This impacts the worth of the gemstone, in addition to its brightness. Gemstone cuts are available in spherical, princess, Asscher, cushion, emerald, oval, marquise, and pear.

an infographic showing the different shapes for gemstones

Associated Submit: How To Select The Greatest Diamond Form And Measurement For Your Finger


A gemstone’s carat refers to its weight, one other essential issue when figuring out the worth of a gemstone. Bigger gems are thought of extra uncommon and thus extra helpful.

an infographic showing the different scale of carat sizes for gemstones

All You Must Know About Gemstone Grading Studies

Gemstone grading experiences state particulars and specs in regards to the gemstone, such because the carat weight, form, and different measurements. It additionally notes if the gemstone has acquired therapy. You have to buy a gemstone with a grading report from a good company, such because the GIA, IGI (Worldwide Gemological Institute), or AGS.

A GIA certificate for gemstones

Gemstone Therapies: What Are They?

Gemstone therapies, also referred to as enhancements, are the processes utilized to gems to enhance their pure state. These therapies usually make the gemstone stronger and enhance its brightness. Some therapies have a everlasting impact, whereas others require upkeep.

Widespread Therapies and Their Results

The commonest therapies are warmth therapies, irradiation, dyeing, filling, and coating. Warmth and irradiation therapies and coating therapies assist to convey out the colour and enhance the gemstone’s readability. Filling therapies assist to restore any cavities or fractures that may have an effect on a gemstone’s look.

Can You Inform If a Gemstone Has Been Handled?

Whereas knowledgeable gemologist utilizing microscopes can inform if a gemstone has been handled, usually, gemstone therapies are unseen by the bare eye.

Prime Ideas & Tips For Shopping for Gems

As you’ll be able to see, shopping for a gemstone is a critical enterprise. When making such an funding, you will need to maintain the next issues in thoughts:

  • Select a Dependable Gemstone Vendor: Be sure you are procuring at a good store that gives certificates for his or her gems and diamonds.
  • Ask Questions: Take into consideration what’s essential to you and ensure to ask. Whether or not it’s the 4Cs or therapies, be certain that the gemstone you get has the specified qualities. 
  • Keep in mind Private Choice: Whether or not you favor a darkish or gentle hue, a sure form, a everlasting therapy, or are OK with a gemstone which will require some upkeep, the right gemstone is the one you like greatest.

How To Care For Your Gems

Upon getting chosen your gems, you will need to keep them in order that they all the time shine vibrant.

Cleansing and Storage

You’ve gotten two decisions when cleansing your gems: at house or with knowledgeable. When selecting to take action at house, comply with these steps:

  1. Take a small bowl and fill it with gentle dish cleaning soap or particular jewellery cleaner
  2. Combine the answer and take a soft-bristled toothbrush or particular jewellery brush and gently scrub the gemstone.
  3. Now take a smooth, lint-free material and gently pat dry the gemstone.

If not sure, you’ll be able to all the time convey your gemstone to knowledgeable for cleansing providers. This may be finished at most respected retailers.

an infographic detailing how to clean your engagement ring at home

When storing your gemstone, conserving them within the unique smooth packaging is really useful to stop scratches and different doable harm. 

Keep away from These Widespread Dangers

Maintain your gems out of direct warmth or daylight, and all the time keep away from harsh chemical substances. It is usually really useful to soundly retailer your gems when going to the seashore, swimming in a pool (hi there chlorine!), understanding, cleansing, and showering.

Keep in mind, this stuff can harm the gems you spent a lot time choosing. Let’s maintain these gems shining vibrant!

Associated Submit: How To Shield Your Engagement Ring At The Fitness center: And Different Instances To Take away Your Ring

When To Go To The Execs

In case your gemstone is a part of an intricately designed piece or you might be nervous about enterprise this job your self, it’s best to ask knowledgeable. Most respected jewellery retailers will present cleansing providers.

Don’t Neglect to Take pleasure in Your Gems

This can be our most essential tip! You’ve gotten finished the analysis and located the gems; now, it’s time to point out them off! Whether or not you select a singular, colourful gemstone engagement ring, a superb birthstone pendant, or attractive gemstone earrings, ensure that to take pleasure in them!


What are the important thing components when shopping for gems?

Bear in mind the kind of gemstone you need, after all, your price range, and the 4Cs. Don’t overlook to contemplate any therapies and search for certification.

What’s the distinction between earth created and lab created gems, and does it matter?

The one distinction is the place they arrive from. Gems from the lab are simply as actual as these discovered within the earth. They only have a unique origin story.

What are frequent gemstone therapies, and do they have an effect on the worth?

The commonest therapies are warmth, irradiation, and filling. Whereas these therapies enhance the gemstone’s look, they will (however don’t all the time) decrease its worth, making these stunning items extra reasonably priced.

How can I discover a respected retailer?

Do your analysis! Learn buyer evaluations and ensure their merchandise are licensed. Verify their return insurance policies and all the time search for jewellery related to and/or makes use of certificates from skilled organizations such because the AGS or GIA.

How do I take care of my gemstone?

Make certain to soundly retailer your gemstone and maintain it clear. And, after all, take pleasure in it!

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With over 10 years of expertise writing and modifying on all kinds of topics, Sarah is a veteran of the content material world. Since becoming a member of James Allen, she has centered on all issues diamonds and nice jewellery with the aim of teaching and empowering shoppers.